Area : 15,359 sq.km
Climate : Tropical
Rainfall : 695 mm (Seasonal)
Rivers : Penna, Chitravathi, Kunderu, Papaghni, Sagileru and Cheyeru.
Major Places : Cuddapah, Rajampet, Proddatur, Rayachoti.
Tourist Places : Nandaluru, Masjid-E-Azam, Vempalli, Jammalamadugu, Gandikota fort and Chand Phira Gumbadh,
Pilgrimage Centers : Tallapaka, Pushpagiri, Siddhavatam, Vontimetta, Jyoti Jammalamadugu, and Proddatur temples Pothuloori Veerabramendra Swamy Mutt at KandhimallayaPalli.
Once this district was called as Hiranya State. This place was under the rule of Pallavas, Telugu Cholas, Kakatiyas Vijayanagara kings and Nizam Nawabs.
The Forest area caters the Timber, as well as Rare Red Sandalwood
that earns the foreign currency to the Nation is found only in this
district. Wild life such as Tigers, Jaguars, etc is found in these
forests. Asbestos Minning processing unit at Pulivendula. Starting
at Sunkesula Dam on Tungabadra river Cuddapah-Kurnool (K.C) Canal flows
through Cuddapah and Kurnool districts providing water to 4000 Hectares
of cultivable land. Handhri Nivas Sujala Sravanthi project and Pulivendula
Canal were under construction for Irrigation. Proposals are made to
construct a Reservoir on Buggavanka river at Ippapenta village. The
main source of drinking water to this district is Galer-Nagari-Sujalasravanthi
Canal. Handloom Industry at Madhavaram is one of the major sources
of Income to this district.