Area : 8,727 sq.km
The Boundaries of this district are West Godavari district in the East, Bay of Bengal in the South, Guntur and Nalgonda districts in the West and Khammam district in the North directions.
Rivers : Krishna, Budameru, Munneru and Tammileru.
Major Places : Vijayawada, Vuyyur, Machilipatnam, Thiruvuru, Kaikalur.
Tourist Places : Krishna wildlife sanctuary, Kondapally fort, Chinnagollapalem, Prakasam Barrage, Gandhi hill, Bhavani Island, Sibar Disneyland, Rajiv Gandhi Park, Victoria Museum, Mogalrajapuram caves, Manginapudi beach, Buddhist Sites at Gummadidurru, Ghantasala and Jaggayyapeta.
Pilgrimage Centers : Kanaka Durga Temple at Vijayawada, Gunadala Church, Hazrat Bal Mosque, Movva temple, Machilipatnam Panduranga Swamy temple.
Handicrafts : Kondapalli Toys, Machilipatnam Kalamkari Fabrics and Rold gold Ornaments.
Cultural Heritage : Kuchipudi dance.
Industries : Andhra cements, Railway wagon workshop, The RTC Regional workshop, Jawahar Autonagar, Andhra Pradesh Heavy Engineering Machinery Industry, Sugar Factories at Vuyyur and Hanuman Junction.
In the olden days this place was under the rule of Sathavahanas, Cholas, Reddy kings, Golkonda Nawabs and many other kings. Krishna District was formerly called Machilipatnam district. It was renamed as Krishna district, after the mighty river Krishna in 1859. The Telugu spoken over here has the flavor of the coastal area region. The Majority of the people in Urban areas of Krishna district are engaged in trade and commerce. Agriculture is the most important occupation of the people of the district.
The forest area occupies only 9% of the total district area. Social Forestry drive is undergoing in many parts of the district. Small deposits of Diamonds are also available. Natural Gas and Crude Oil is also found on the coastal belts of the district. The Barrage built on the river Krishna by Sir Arthur Cotton at Vijayawada is the Chief Irrigation Source to the District. Three tributaries of the River Krishna are the Bhima, the Tungabhadra and the Musi during its course in Andhra Pradesh. The climate of Vijayawada, the major city in Krishna district is tropical in nature with hot summers and moderate winters. April to June are the summer months with temperatures ranging from a minimum of 270 C to 450 C. The temperatures during the winter months range from 280 to 170 C. The area is very humid, the average humidity ranges from 68% during summer season.
The District hosts Many industries and KCP Sugar Factory at Vuyyur
is a famous one, apart from this many Medium Scale Cement factories
are there throughout the district. There are many Small Scale Industries
like Musical Instruments at Jaggayyapeta, Roldgold Ornaments at Machilipatnam
and Kondapalli toys. SIRIS Pharmaceutical Company at Vijayawada is
another giant company manufacturing Allopathic medicines. Vijayawada
Thermal Power Station near Ibrahimpatnam is ranked as the No.1 Power
generation unit in India for its high performance. The annual rainfall
in the region is about 965 mm and is contributed by the Southwest monsoon.
The oldest port in Andhra Pradesh is Machilipatnam port. The Bus complex
at Vijayawada is one of the Biggest in Asia. The Railway station at
Vijayawada is said to be the Biggest Junction in South India. Kuchipudi
dance form originated from this district.