Area : 13,076 sq.km
Nellore district is Bounded by Bay of Bengal in the East, Tamilnadu State and Chittoor district in the South, Cuddapah district in the West and Prakasam district in the North directions.
Rivers : Pennar, Kandaleru, Swarnamukhi, Upputeru.
Major Places : Nellore, Gudur, Naidupeta, Kavali and Sullurpeta.
Tourist Places : Pulicat Sanctuary, Sangam, Sriharikota SHAR Space Center, Udhayagiri, Nelapattu Sanctuary and Jonnawada.
Pilgrimage Centers : Talapagiri Ranganatha Swamy temple, Jonnawada temple, Penchalakonda temple, Sri Raja Rajeswari Temple and Sri Ranga Nayaka Swamy Temples at Nellore.
Handicrafts : Venkatagiri Sarees and Leather Toys.
Industries : Dairy milk, Straw Board and Nippo Battery at Nellore, Sugar factory, Mica, Stone Polishing and Fisheries.
This District has Historical importance. This place was under the rule of Satavahanas, Cholas, Pallavas, Telugu Chodas, Kakatiyas, Vijayanagara kings, Golkonda Nawabs and Britishers. Nellore Town is also called as Vikrama Simhapuri. This was under the rule of Manuma Siddhi in the 13th century. During this period Thikkana Somayagi was the Minister in the Royal court. He completed 15 cantos of Maha Bharat started by Nanaiah. Thikkana who hails from this district first wrote Nirvachanothara Ramayanam.
Forest area is only 18% of the total district area. Social forestry drive is in progress in many parts of the district. Pulicat Lake declared as the Birds Sanctuary with an area of 500 Sq.km, housing many rare birds. Tigers and Cheetahs Sanctuary near Velugonda are the efforts made by the Government in maintaining the Eco-Systems. Rice from this part is said to be the finest and of Top quality. Nippo - Batteries an Indo-Japanese collaboration plant is a major industry. Paddy Business is high in this district. Fisheries are fruitful because of the Coastline it's having and the Pulicat Lake.
are many Medium scale Irrigation projects built in this district.
Somasila project built on the river Pennar in 1875 is the biggest one
in the district. Another Project was built on the river Pennar in 1886
at Sangam near Nellore. The Telugu Ganga project Currently under construction
will fulfill water needs of this district to some extent. Veligonda
project will also supply water to this district. The Galeru- Nagari
and Sajala Sravanthi canals are the major sources of drinking water.
Thermal Power Project situated at head quarters Nellore caters the
power supply to the Mica mines and to domestics.