Wayanad District, in the north-east of Kerala , India , was formed on November 1 , 1980 as the 12th district, carved out of Kozhikode and Kannur districts. The etymology of the word Wayanad is Vayal (paddy) Naad (land); 'Land of Paddy Fields'. There are many indigeneous tribals in this area. It is set lofty on the majestic Western Ghats with altitudes ranging from 700 to 2100 Metres above mean sea level.
Wayanad district stands on the southern top of the Deccan plateau and its chief glory is the majestic Western ghats with lofty ridges interspersed with dense forest, tangled jungles and deep valleys, the terrain is rugged.
Wayanad has a large
settler population. There are people from almost all parts of Kerala
who migrated to this fertile land for building up their lives. Wayanad
has a small jain community consisting of Gowders who came from Karnataka.
The have built beautiful temples all over the district. Almost all
sections of Christianity are well represented. One fourth population
of Wayanad is constituted by Christians. Muslims constitute another
one fourth population and rest of the population belongs to Hindus.
Their hard work and sacrifice helped them to prosper. On the other
hand, the last few decades have seen the complete marginalisation of
the indigeneous people.