Erode was under the regimes of Cara kings in 850 A.D. Thereafter (in 1000 A.D. - 1275 A.D.) this place came under the rule of Cholas with Dharapuram as their Headquarters. Subsequently it came under the control of Padiars (from 1276 A.D.). Only during this period, a ruler by name Veerapandian caused the digging of Kalingarayan Channel. Then the Muslims (Modeen Sulthans) took over the rule after which Nayaks of Madurai ruled. Then Hyder Ali and Tippu Sultan had their sway. In 1799 when Tippu fell to the British, the East Indian Company took over the administration.
Black loam is found in parts of Erode Taluk. In this area soil is found to be rather sandy, stony and of the gravel type. In general it can be classified into two main groups (black and red soils). Lime stone is found in abundance in the form of modules, streaks and massive beds of grey and white colours interbanded with ignosis rocks. Felspar of the five quality is also abundant .
climate of the town and its vicinity is hot and dry. During February
and March the climate is usually oppressive especially along river
Cauvery. In April the weather gets hotter and humidity is at its maximum.
During June, July and August cool breeze flows through Palghat gap,
but by the time it reaches the area under Erode taluk it loses its
cooling effect andbecomes
hot and dusty.