Nagappatinam is a unique District with all its historical and cultural significance. Nagappattinam is one of the constituents of chola mandalam, acclaimed as the Most prominent among the ancient Tamil Kingdoms. Its salient features more than anything else have contributed to the glory of the cholamandalam.
Costal town Nagappattinam was the Headquarters of a region during the period This region has been named after Kshathiriya sigamani. One of the titles of Raja Raja Cholan. Nagappattinam was also known as ‘Cholakula Vallippatinam’. The Heritage of the town is found in the Burmese historical text of 3rd century B.C. The same text gives evidences of a Budha Vihar built by the great Ashoka. The chineseTraveler Hiuen Tsang. Also mentioned the Budha vihar in his book. Nagappattinam is mentioned as Padarithitha in ancient Buddhist literature According to scholars avurithidal the name of the part of Nagappattinam might have been derived from the word ‘’Padarithitha” is the name of the fruit tree “Bhirtree” very common in this region.
In ancient times, “NagaNadu”, “Nagappattinam” referred only to Sri Langa. Buddhist monks in Sri Lanka had close links with this town Nagappattinam. “Animangalam Copperplate” of Kulothungachola notes that “Kasiba Thera” [Buddhist Monk] Renovated the Buddhist temple in 6th century AD with the the help of Buddhist monks of ‘Naganadu’ This ‘nagar annam vihar’ later came to be known as ‘Nagananavihar’.
Pallava King Rajasimha
[690-728A D] permitted a chinese king to build Buddha vihar in Nagappattinam.
Hence there existed a
chinese built budha
vihar inNagappattinam. According to Anaimangalam copper plate of Kulothunga
I , sriVijayathunga Varman of sri Vijaya kingdam built Raja Raja Perumpalli
in the name of Raja Raja Cholanand [Rajendra Chola Perumpalli] in the
name of Rajendra Chola in1090A D. This budha vihar also called Sudamani
vihar’.Excavations were conducted by the Archaeological department
at Vellipalayam in Nagappattinam and more than 300. Budha statues were
unearthed and kept at the Museum in Chennai. This dilapidated Budist
tower was razed down 200years ago.