Namakkal District - General Information

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Location and Area

Namakkal dt. is boundedon the north by Salem district, on the east by Attur taluk of Salem district,Perambalur and Tiruchirapalli districts, on the south by Karur districtand on the west by Erode district. The administrative headquarters of thisdistrict is located at Namakkal town.

Languages and Religion

Tamil is the main languagespoken in this district. Religion-wise breakup of population of the districtaccording to 1991 census is indicated below,

Hindus 1647646
Christians 10245
Muslims 24892
Sikhs 10
Buddhists 7
Other religions and persuasions 9
Religion not stated 306

Geography and Physical Features

The district is extensivelycovered with hilly ranges and rocks with undulatory plains.The Kollimalairange with peaks 1219 metres runs along the east of Nammakkal and Rasipuramtaluks. The parent district Salem has fairly extensive forest area of considerablevalue. The main products from the forest are sandalwood, bamboo, timber/(silveroak and similar varieties) and firewood. The main source of revenue fromthe forests is from the Sandalwood trees which occur naturally in abundancein the plateau and hilly ranges.

Rivers, Canals and Waterways

Cauvery is the main riverof this district as well which forms its natural boundaries on west andsouth-west directions. The Vasishta Nadhi and Sweda Nadhi which flow acrossAttur taluk of Salem and Cuddalore district, drain the area between theKalrayan hills, and the Panchaimalai and Kollimalai ranges. Sirabanga Nadhiand Tirumanimittar are the other important rivers in the district.

Tourism

The Namakkal Fort issaid to have been built during the Madurai Nayak regime and is famous forthe Sri Narasimhamurthy temple. The mythology of this temple is that afterdestroying Hiranya Kasipu, the demon ruler, Sri Narasimhaswamy (in theform of man & lion) was in a ferocious mood. After he cooled down,he was brought to this place by Sri Anjaneya, so as to stay with his consordMahalakshmi who was doing penance there. A colossal idol of Sri Anjaneya,18 feet in height has been installed here facing east with folded handsworshipping Sri Lakshmi Narasimha. Another place of attract is the Ardhanareeswarartemple of Tiruchengodu. The temple is at the top of a hillock at a heightof 900' above MSL and can be reached by a flight of steps. The mythologicalhistory behind the temple is the Lord Siva gave this consort Uma His lefthalf so as to be inseparable. The deity is known by the name Ardhanari(half female). Kolli hills in Namakkal taluk is being developed into adistrict excursion centre.



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