A historical town in the state of Tamil
Nadu, in southernmost India, Vellore is now the headquarters of Vellore
District. The town lies on the banks of Palar River on the site of
In 1760 the Fort was occupied by a British garrison, and finally after the fall of Srirangapatnam and the death of Tipu Sultan, the English kept Tipu's sons and daughters in captivity in the fort. The Vellore Mutiny of 1806 was one of the earliest upsurges against the British rule in India.
Vellore District has an area of 4,314 km². It is bounded on the northeast by Tiruvallur District, on the southeast by Kanchipuram District, on the south by Tiruvannamalai District, on the southwest by Krishnagiri District, and on the northwest and north by Andhra Pradesh state.
Major towns in the district include Arakkonam, Arcot, Elagiri, Gudiyattam, Karigiri, Ranippettai, Sholinghur, Tiruppattur, Vaniyambadi, Vellore, and Walajapet.
Vellore District was formerly part of North Arcot District, which
was established by the British in the 19th century. On 30 September
1989 the district was split into Tiruvannamalai-Sambuvarayar (present-day
Tiruvannamalai) and North Arcot Ambedkar districts. North Arcot Ambedkar
District was renamed Vellore District in 1996.