Vellore


Vellore - Tamilnadu

 A historical town in the state of Tamil Nadu, in southernmost India, Vellore is now the headquarters of Vellore District. The town lies on the banks of Palar River on the site of Vellore fort.

Vellore fort was built in the 16th century by Sinna Bommi Nayak, a subordinate Chief under Sada Sivaraya and Sri Ranga Maharaj. The fort was built during the Vijaynagar Kingdom in the third quarter of the 16th century. The Sultan of Bijapur seized Vellore by the middle of the 17th century. In 1676 the fort was captured by the Marathas who were in turn ousted by Daud Khan of Delhi in 1708. The fort was under the charge of Dost Ali Khan, Nawab of Arcot who gifted it in 1710 to his son-in-law, whose son Mohammed Ali kept the Fort as a stronghold for nearly 20 years.

In 1760 the Fort was occupied by a British garrison, and finally after the fall of Srirangapatnam and the death of Tipu Sultan, the English kept Tipu's sons and daughters in captivity in the fort. The Vellore Mutiny of 1806 was one of the earliest upsurges against the British rule in India.

Vellore District has an area of 4,314 km². It is bounded on the northeast by Tiruvallur District, on the southeast by Kanchipuram District, on the south by Tiruvannamalai District, on the southwest by Krishnagiri District, and on the northwest and north by Andhra Pradesh state.

Major towns in the district include Arakkonam, Arcot, Elagiri, Gudiyattam, Karigiri, Ranippettai, Sholinghur, Tiruppattur, Vaniyambadi, Vellore, and Walajapet.

Vellore District was formerly part of North Arcot District, which was established by the British in the 19th century. On 30 September 1989 the district was split into Tiruvannamalai-Sambuvarayar (present-day Tiruvannamalai) and North Arcot Ambedkar districts. North Arcot Ambedkar District was renamed Vellore District in 1996.

 
SouthIndia
SouthIndia
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