Viluppuram District - General Information

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Geographical Position

Viluppuram District lies between 11 38' 25" N and 12 20' 44" S: 78 15' 00" W and 79 42' 55" E with an area of 722203 Hec. It was carved out from the South Arcot District on 30.09.1993 and was rehristened as Viluppuram District. The residual part of the erstwhile South Arcot district was named as Cuddalore District. It is surrounded on East and South by Cuddalore District. The West by Salem and Dharmapuri District and on the North by Thiruvannamalai and Kanchipuram District.

District Administration

At present Vilupuram district comprises of 1490 Revenue Villages, 4 Revenue Divisions, 8 Administrative Taluks, 22 Blocks, 16 Town Panchayat Unions, 1104 Village Panchayats and 2 Municipalities. The General geological formation of the District appears to be simple. The greater part of it is covered by the Metamorphic rocks belonging to Genesis family. There are also three great groups of sedimentary rocks belonging to different geological periods. The Kalrayan Hills in the North represents a continuous range of hills covered with some thorny forests and vegetation. Among the hills, the most beautiful part of the district lies, round about the Gingee Hills.

Climate

The climate of Viluppuram District is fairly dry and on the whole healthy. The temperature is moderate.

Industry

Viluppuram district is developing in the industrial sector. The Sugar industry is the major industry in the district. There are 4 sugar factories at Mundiyampakkam, Periasevalai, Kacharapalliyam, Mungailthuraipattu. In the area of small schale industries there are 67 Rice mills, 17 Sago factories 5 Rice bran oil extracting units and 8 Cotton Ginning Mills. Besides this mineral water, ceramics, automobile workshop are also running in the district.

Major minerals produced, in the district includes Black granite, Blue metals, River sand etc. There is no Industrial estate in the district and when compared to the population the industrial establishments are quite inadequate to meet out the job requirement of the educated youth.

Handloom

In Viluppuram district about 34 Handloom weavers co-operative societies are existing. Out of which only 26 societies are functioning, besides 2000 individual weavers are engaging in this sector and produce silk sarees and cotton lungies. Now the societies and weavers are facing the problem of accumulated stock, high cost of production, competition from power look sector and they remained idle for most of the days.

Rain Fall

The district does not get heavy rainfall with the exception of Marakanam and Vanur Blocks, while in Kandamangalam and Koliyaur blocks, the rainfall is moderate it is scarcity in Kallakurichi and Sankarapuram. The actual total rainfall for the year 2002-03 is 617.4mm against 1030 mm of normal rainfall. The percentage of deviation is (-) 38.9 mm.

Agriculture

The chief food crops of Viluppuram district are paddy, Cholam, Ragi, Cumbu, Redgram. Blackgram, Horsegram and Varage. The chief cash crops are Sugarcane, Groundnut, Cotton, Casurina and Coconut.

Fisheries

Viluppuram district has a coastal length of about 41 kms in Vanur and Marakanam blocks in Bay of Bengal. There are about 19 landing places by active fishermen population of 2986. There are fishermen co-operatives societies, fisher women co-operative societies and inland fishermen co-operative societies functioning in the district. There is one fish net making unit in Vanur Block. There are about 18 brackish water acquaculture forms in the district. The scope for inland fisheries in the district is limited. Inland fishing is mostly carried on tanks and reservoirs owned by PWD.



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